Demographic and clinical presentation of children with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome with short and normal lingual frenula

SubjectsShort frenulumNormal frenulump-value
Age years mean±sd (n/N)1509.88±3.21 (63/150)8.05±3.59 (87/150)0.0015
Females5829/63 (46)29/87 (33)0.1288
 Fatigue14761/63 (96)86/87 (98)0.5725
 EDS7335/63 (55)38/87 (43)0.1859
 Inattention/hyperactivity9043/63 (68)47/87 (54)0.0926
 High and narrow palatal vault6356/70 (80)7/80 (8.75)0.0001
 Friedman tonsil score1501.8±0.93.2±0.90.0001
 Mallampati scale score1503.4±0.62.9±0.70.0001
Past medical history150
 Difficulty sucking60
 Difficulty swallowing40
 Speech problems310
  • Data are presented as n, n/N (%) or mean±sd, unless otherwise stated. Feeding and swallowing difficulties were poorly recollected, except in a few cases where the problem was mentioned as “important”; the speech problems were better recalled and were described as “lisp”, “stutter” or having led to speech therapy, mostly in school (n=15). Despite speech therapy, the presence of a short lingual frenulum had not been investigated or mentioned to parents. EDS: excessive daytime sleepiness.