TABLE 2

Association (odds ratio (OR) adjusted for age, area deprivation and borough) between an increase of 10% in area ethnic density and the prevalence of current smoking by ethnic group

Ethnic groupMaleFemale
OR (95% CI)p-valueOR (95% CI)p-value
White British/Irish0.94 (0.92–0.97)<0.0010.96 (0.93–0.98)<0.001
Other White0.92 (0.87–0.97)0.0030.93 (0.88–0.97)0.002
Indian0.93 (0.90–0.96)<0.0010.62 (0.57–0.69)<0.001
Pakistani0.88 (0.83–0.93)<0.0010.57 (0.48–0.67)<0.001
Bangladeshi0.98 (0.95–1.00)0.0560.92 (0.87–0.96)<0.001
Black African0.82 (0.77–0.86)<0.0010.80 (0.73–0.88)<0.001
Black Caribbean0.88 (0.79–0.99)0.0340.97 (0.86–1.08)0.555