TABLE 1

Characteristics of index patients with tuberculosis

CharacteristicsIntervention arm (n=190)Standard-of-care arm (n=182)p-value#
Age0.44
 <5 years 4 (2%) 7 (4%)
 5–14 years 7 (4%) 4 (2%)
 ≥15 years179 (94%)171 (94%)
Female 80 (42%) 81 (45%)0.64
HIV status+0.98
 Positive 64 (34%) 63 (35%)
 Negative125 (66%)118 (65%)
 Unknown   1 (0.5%)  1 (0.6%)
Coughing time weeks   4 (3–12)  8 (3–12)0.41§
Contacts reported  3 (1–4) 3 (2–4)0.78§

Data are presented as median (interquartile range) unless otherwise stated. #: Chi-squared test of significance unless otherwise stated; : age among individuals ≥15 years of age was 30 (24–38) years in the intervention arm and 29 (24–38) years in the standard-of-care arm (p=0.94 by the Wilcoxon rank-sum test of significance); +: HIV status was unknown for one patient in the intervention arm and for one patient in the standard-of-care arm; §: Wilcoxon rank-sum test of significance.