TABLE 2

Characteristics of household contacts

CharacteristicsIntervention arm (n=471)Standard-of-care arm (n=448)p-value#
Age0.29
 <5 years 95 (20%)106 (24%)
 5–14 years121 (26%)121 (27%)
 ≥15 years255 (54%)221 (49%)
Female293 (62%)268 (60%)0.46
HIV status prior to screening0.15
 Positive27 (6%)32 (7%)
 Negative308 (65%)265 (59%)
 Unknown136 (29%)151 (34%)
Any TB symptom present106 (23%)116 (26%)0.23
 Cough for ≥2 weeks 70 (15%) 95 (21%)0.01
 Fever32 (7%) 45 (10%)0.08
 Night sweats28 (6%)34 (8%)0.32
 Weight loss ≥3 kg37 (8%) 46 (10%)0.20

TB: tuberculosis. #: Chi-squared test of significance utilised, unless otherwise noted; : median (interquartile range) age among individuals ≥15 years of age was 26 (20–38) years in the intervention arm and 27 (20–36) years in the standard-of-care arm (p=0.50 by the Wilcoxon rank-sum test of significance).