TABLE 1

Changing demographic and clinical characteristics of tuberculosis (TB) cases notified in Western Sydney Local Health District (2006–2015)

YearTotal
2006201120152006–2015
Sex
 Male59 (55.1)68 (53.1)60 (52.2)653 (53.6)
 Female48 (44.9)60 (46.9)55 (47.8)565 (46.4)
Age group years
 <5 npnpnp21 (1.7)
 5–14 npnpnp33 (2.7)
 15–24 18 (16.8)16 (12.5)9 (7.8)176 (14.5)
 25–44 28 (26.2)74 (57.8)52 (45.2)572 (47.0)
 45–64 31 (29.0)23 (18.0)29 (25.2)277 (22.7)
 ≥65 22 (20.5)11 (8.6)22 (19.2)139 (11.4)
Country of birth
 India25 (23.4)54 (42.2)40 (34.8)402 (33.0)
 Philippines16 (15.0)10 (7.8)11 (9.6)139 (11.4)
 China9 (8.4)12 (9.4)13 (11.3)107 (8.8)
 Afghanistan7 (6.5)5 (3.9)np60 (4.9)
 Nepal07 (5.5)8 (6.9)52 (4.3)
 Australia6 (5.6)8 (6.2)np72 (5.9)
 Other countries44 (41.1)32 (25.0)29 (25.2)386 (31.7)
Residency status
 Permanent resident077 (60.2)59 (51.3)534 (43.9)
 Overseas student021 (16.4)8 (7.0)104 (8.5)
 Visitor0np14 (12.2)47 (3.9)
 Refugee00np9 (0.7)
 Other#016 (12.5)18 (15.6)114 (9.4)
 Unknown0npnp10 (0.8)
 Not completed107 (100)8 (6.3)15 (13.0)400 (32.8)
Active TB surveillance
 Current TBU12 (11.2)21 (16.4)11 (9.6)151 (12.4)
 Previous TBU14 (13.1)10 (7.8)14 (12.2)112 (9.2)
 Never on TBU75 (70.1)87 (68.0)75 (65.2)862 (70.8)
 Unknown02 (1.6)2 (1.7)18 (1.5)
 Not completed6 (5.6)8 (6.2)13 (11.3)75 (6.1)
Indigenous status
 Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander000np
Disease type
 Pulmonary53 (49.5)53 (41.4)62 (53.9)558 (45.8)
 Pulmonary + extrapulmonary13 (12.2)9 (7.0)10 (8.7)91 (7.5)
 Extrapulmonary41 (38.3)66 (51.6)43 (37.4)569 (46.7)
HIV infection
 Negative49 (45.8)100 (78.1)94 (81.7)890 (73.0)
 Positive00np13 (1.1)
 Unknown58 (54.2)0np118 (9.7)
 Not completed028 (21.9)18 (15.7)197 (16.2)
Total1071281151218

Data are presented as n (%) or n. TBU: TB undertaking; np: not published (small cell counts of <5 have been suppressed for privacy and confidentiality reasons. The small number and one other cell in the same column has been suppressed to prevent back-calculation). #: including unauthorised person (n=4), work visas (n=9), bridging visas (n=8), applying for permanent residency (n=1), temporary resident visa (n=2), Australian citizen (n=16), dependant/partner visa (n=8), supportive parent visa (n=1), New Zealand citizen (n=1), “other” not completed (n=64); : active TB surveillance status at time of TB diagnosis.