TABLE 1

Main characteristics of the study cohort

Characteristics of participantsStudy population (n=40)
Sex
 Male19 (47.5)
Age years33.5 (15–61)
BMI kg·m−222.5 (16.5–32.0)
Smoking status
 Yes15 (37.5)
Comorbidities
 Psychiatric diseases0 (0)
 Diabetes3 (7.5)
 COPD1 (2.5)
 Severe renal disease0 (0)
 HIV infection0 (0)
 HCV infection6 (15.0)
 Cirrhosis0 (0)
 Others (HBV)2 (5.0)
Medication
 NSAIDs0 (0)
 Statins0 (0)
 Oral anticoagulants0 (0)
 Heparin0 (0)
 Corticosteroids2 (5.0)
Drug susceptibility
 Drug-susceptible15 (37.5)
 MDR18 (45.0)
 XDR7 (17.5)
History of previous treatment
 New patient27 (67.5)
 Relapse patient13 (32.5)
Time to culture negativisation2.4 (1–10)
Indication for surgery
 Still lesions in chest X-ray40 (100)
 Clinically not cured4 (10.0)
 Haemoptysis2 (5.0)
Number of lesions
 Single lesion32 (80.0)
Size of lesion
 ≥35 mm14 (35.9)
Type of surgery
 Lesion resection25 (62.5)
 Lobe or lung resection15 (37.5)

Data are presented as n (%) or mean (range). BMI: body mass index; HCV: hepatitis C virus; HBV: hepatitis B virus; NSAID: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug; MDR: multidrug resistant; XDR: extensively drug-resistant.