TABLE 1

Historical and reported all-cause mortality, excess deaths, reported COVID-19 deaths and proportion of excess deaths attributed to COVID-19, in 22 countries during the COVID-19 pandemic

CountryHistorical all-cause deaths#Reported all-cause deaths in
2020
Excess deathsCOVID-19 deathsReported period
Reported deathsProportion of excess deaths %
Austria57 89959 272137375454.930 Dec–13 Sep
Belgium47 91356 07481619472116.106 Jan–30 Aug
Brazil518 306573 82255 51648 95488.204 Jan–19 Jun
Chile76 68491 69015 00612 05880.402 Jan–16 Sep
Denmark33 37533 131−244621−254.502 Jan–12 Aug
Ecuador49 76986 51536 74610 96329.802 Jan–16 Sep
France411 181428 55417 37330 698176.706 Jan–06 Sep
Germany587 931602 11514 184866861.106 Jan–23 Aug
Iceland13721379710142.930 Dec–09 Aug
Israel30 81732 2781461114778.502 Jan–16 Sep
Italy307 680347 19439 51427 6707009 Jan–23 Jun
Netherlands102 945113 04210 097624961.909 Jan–16 Sep
New Zealand24 79224 247−54525−4.606 Jan–27 Sep
Norway27 40727 007−400264−6630 Dec–30 Aug
Peru79 115163 40184 28631 58637.502 Jan–23 Sep
Portugal79 56684 6885122187136.501 Jan–15 Sep
South Africa346 083378 05931 97615 49948.501 Jan–15 Sep
Spain298 676350 59451 91829 84857.530 Dec–13 Sep
Sweden61 60565 43438295846152.701 Jan–08 Sep
Switzerland40 98841 8568681711197.130 Dec–09 Aug
UK432 109491 26659 15741 60870.328 Dec–11 Sep
USA1 829 3312 110 542281 211175 40662.429 Dec–22 Aug
Total5 445 5446 162 160716 616460 92864.3

Data are presented as n unless otherwise stated. #: calculated as the median number of deaths from the past 5 years (2015–2019) for the reported period; : calculated as the number of reported COVID-19 deaths divided by the number of excess deaths and multiplied by 100.