TABLE 6

Treatment provided to patients with the syndromic diagnoses

Syndromic diagnosisPatients nSystemic corticosteroidsInhaled corticosteroidsLong-acting bronchodilatorsShort-acting β-agonistAntibioticsAntituberculosisDiuretics
All facilities
 Fixed airflow limitation (COPD) without eosinophilia11547 (40.9)30 (26.1)48 (41.8)17 (14.8)75 (6.2)0 (0.0)5 (4.4)
 Fixed airflow limitation (COPD) with eosinophilia8329 (34.9)25 (30.1)37 (44.6)10 (12.1)44 (53.0)2 (2.4)5 (6.0)
 Reversible airflow limitation (asthma)268 (30.8)5 (19.2)7 (26.9)1 (3.9)16 (61.5)0 (0.0)3 (11.5)
 Other airflow limitation#397 (18.0)7 (18.0)8 (20.5)2 (5.1)20 (51.3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Lower respiratory tract infection8231 (37.8)19 (23.2)23 (28.1)1 (1.2)52 (63.4)1 (1.22)7 (8.5)
 Tuberculosis141 (7.1)1 (7.1)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)6 (42.9)3 (21.4)0 (0.0)
 Heart failure4621 (45.7)11 (23.9)15 (32.6)7 (15.2)32 (70.0)0 (0.0)12 (26.1)
 Upper respiratory tract infection, common cold16050 (31.3)18 (11.3)28 (17.5)8 (5.0)104 (65.0)2 (1.3)0 (0.0)
 None of above syndromes¶,+470113 (24.0)62 (13.2)91 (19.4)24 (5.1)271 (57.7)4 (0.9)21 (4.5)
 Overall977283 (29.0)161 (16.5)235 (24.1)66 (6.8)586 (60.0)10 (1.0)49 (5.0)
Central/provincial healthcare facilities
 Fixed airflow limitation (COPD) without eosinophilia5528 (50.9)24 (43.6)26 (47.3)6 (10.9)37 (67.3)0 (0.0)3 (5.5)
 Fixed airflow limitation (COPD) with eosinophilia3718 (48.7)18 (48.7)18 (48.7)5 (13.5)20 (54.1)1 (2.7)2 (5.4)
 Reversible airflow limitation (asthma)104 (40.0)2 (20.0)2 (20.0)0 (0.0)7 (70.0)0 (0.0)3 (30.0)
 Other airflow limitation#162 (12.5)6 (37.5)5 (31.3)1 (6.3)7 (43.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Lower respiratory tract infection6826 (38.2)18 (26.5)20 (29.4)1 (1.5)41 (60.3)1 (1.5)5 (7.4)
 Tuberculosis141 (7.1)1 (7.1)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)6 (42.9)3 (21.4)0 (0.0)
 Heart failure3616 (44.4)10 (27.8)14 (38.9)6 (16.7)24 (66.7)0 (0.0)11 (30.6)
 Upper respiratory tract infection, common cold7123 (32.4)14 (19.7)17 (23.9)6 (8.5)42 (59.2)2 (2.8)0 (0.0)
 None of above syndromes¶,+22051 (23.2)54 (24.6)58 (26.4)20 (9.1)121 (55.0)3 (1.4)13 (5.9)
 Overall487151 (31.0)134 (27.5)145 (29.8)41 (8.4)283 (58.1)8 (1.6)33 (6.8)
District healthcare facilities
 Fixed airflow limitation (COPD) without eosinophilia4614 (30.4)6 (13.0)22 (47.8)10 (21.7)27 (58.7)0 (0.0)2 (4.4)
 Fixed airflow limitation (COPD) with eosinophilia3711 (29.7)7 (18.9)19 (51.4)5 (13.5)19 (51.4)0 (0.0)3 (8.1)
 Reversible airflow limitation (asthma)134 (30.8)3 (23.1)5 (38.5)1 (7.7)9 (69.2)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Other airflow limitation#204 (20.0)1 (5.0)3 (15.0)1 (5.0)11 (55.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Lower respiratory tract infection145 (35.7)1 (7.1)3 (21.4)0 (0.0)11 (78.6)0 (0.0)2 (14.3)
 Tuberculosis0
 Heart failure105 (50.0)1 (10.0)1 (10.0)1 (10.0)8 (80.0)0 (0.0)1 (10.0)
 Upper respiratory tract infection, common cold7825 (32.1)4 (5.1)11 (14.1)1 (1.3)55 (70.5)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 None of above syndromes¶,+20348 (23.7)8 (3.9)33 (16.3)4 (2.0)120 (59.1)1 (0.5)8 (3.9)
 Overall405110 (27.2)27 (6.7)90 (22.2)23 (5.7)248 (61.2)1 (0.3)16 (4.0)
Commune healthcare facilities
 Fixed airflow limitation (COPD) without eosinophilia145 (35.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (7.1)11 (78.6)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Fixed airflow limitation (COPD) with eosinophilia90 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)5 (55.6)1 (11.1)()
 Reversible airflow limitation (asthma)30 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Other airflow limitation#31 (33.3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (66.7)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Lower respiratory tract infection0
 Tuberculosis0
 Heart failure0
 Upper respiratory tract infection, common cold112 (18.2)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)1 (9.1)7 (63.6)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 None of above syndromes¶,+4714 (29.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)30 (63.8)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
 Overall8522 (25.9)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)2 (2.4)55 (64.7)1 (1.2)0 (0.0)

Data are presented as n (%) unless otherwise stated. #: airflow limitation on initial spirometry without measure of post-bronchodilator spirometry; : includes patients without chest radiograph, spirometry or both; +: with none of the other syndromes.