TABLE 2

Patient comorbidities at diagnosis

Cardiovascular risk factor
 >151 (39.2)
 Arterial hypertension68 (52.3)
 Dyslipidaemia58 (44.6)
 Diabetes mellitus28 (21.5)
GORD59 (45.4)
Hiatus hernia (CT measure)
 Mild65 (50.0)
 Moderate33 (25.4)
 Severe7 (5.4)
Emphysema43 (33.1)
CPFE14 (10.8)
COPD15 (11.5)
Heart disease30 (23.1)
 Valvular10 (7.7)
 Ischaemic20 (15.4)
 Arrhythmia9 (6.9)
Pulmonary hypertension by echocardiography41 (31.5)
PAH, treated8 (6.2)
Sleep disorder29 (22.3)
 Severe OSA (AHI ≥30 events·h−1)14 (11)
 Mild or moderate OSA (AHI <30 events·h−1)8 (6.2)
 Sleep-related hypoxaemia13 (10)
Malignant disease16 (12.3)
 Lung3 (2.3)
 Urogenital6 (4.6)
 Digestive5 (3.8)
 Other2 (1.6)
Depression/anxiety12 (9.2)
Chronic kidney failure grade ≥211 (8.5)
Neurological9 (6.9)
 Degenerative2 (1.5)
 Ischaemic8 (6.2)
Peripheral vasculopathy9 (6.9)
Liver disease8 (6.2)
Peptic ulcer6 (4.6)
Pulmonary embolism3 (2.3)
Charlson's comorbidity index4.7±1.7

Data are presented as n (%) or mean±sd. GORD: gastro-oesophageal reflux disease; CT: computed tomography; CPFE: combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema; PAH: pulmonary arterial hypertension; OSA: obstructive sleep apnoea; AHI: apnoea–hypopnoea index.