TABLE 2

Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for severity of chronic breathlessness as correlates of health service utilisation (outpatient# care and inpatient care) in the previous 3 months

Outpatient# care OR (95% CI)Inpatient care OR (95% CI)
mMRCUnadjustedAdjustedUnadjustedAdjusted+
0RefRefRefRef
12.1 (1.4–3.2)1.8 (1.1–2.9)1.6 (0.9–2.8)1.4 (0.8–2.6)
2–418.3 (4.0–83.6)9.0 (2.0–41.5)5.5 (3.2–9.2)4.2 (2.4–7.4)

mMRC: modified Medical Research Council breathlessness scale. #: includes visits to general practice or specialist (other than mental health specialist) or presentation to the emergency department; : adjusted for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), highest level of education, region of residence; +: adjusted for age, sex and BMI.