TABLE 3

Unadjusted and adjusted odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for severity of chronic breathlessness as correlates of any medical consultation, frequent medical consultations and any emergency department contact in the previous 3 months

Any medical consultation
OR (95% CI)
Frequent# (≥3) medical consultations OR (95% CI)Any emergency department visits OR (95% CI)
mMRCUnadjustedAdjustedUnadjustedAdjusted+UnadjustedAdjusted§
0RefRefRefRefRefRef
12.1 (1.4–3.3)1.8 (1.1–3.0)2.4 (1.7–3.3)1.8 (1.3–2.6)1.3 (0.8–2.2)1.0 (0.5–1.8)
2–418.5 (4.1–84.7)9.1 (2.0–42.1)7.2 (4.6–11.4)4.6 (2.8–7.5)4.1 (2.4–7.0)3.6 (2.0–6.3)

mMRC: modified Medical Research Council breathlessness scale. #: includes visits to general practice or specialist (other than mental health specialist) or presentation to emergency department; : adjusted for age, sex, highest level of education, region of residence and body mass index (BMI); +: adjusted for age, sex, region of residence and BMI; §: adjusted for age, sex and BMI.