TABLE 1

Incidence of COVID-19 associated pulmonary aspergillosis (CAPA) patients in different countries

CountryIncidence ratio of CAPA (95% CI)
(number of patients/total patients)
Number of facilitiesPatient backgroundReference
France0.179 (0.111–0.265)
(19/106)
Single centreIntubated patients[4]
France0.333 (0.165–0.539)
(9/27)
Single centreIntubated patients[5]
Germany0.263 (0.091–0.512)
(5/19)
Single centreICU patients[6]
USA0.193 (0.074–0.374)
(6/31)
Single centreIntubated patients[7]
The Netherlands0.197 (0.109–0.313)
(13/66)
Single centreIntubated patients[8]
Spain0.033 (0.014–0.064)
(8/239)
Single centreICU patients[9]
France0.13 (0.049–0.262)
(6/46)
Single centreICU patients[10]
Italy0.277 (0.195–0.372)
(30/108)
Single centreIntubated patients[11]
Belgium0.35 (0.153–0.592)
(7/20)
Single centreIntubated patients[12]
USA0.098 (0.070–0.132)
(39/396)
5 hospitalsIntubated patients[3]
Japan (this study)0.0054 (0.0024–0.010)
(9/1664)
Nationwide survey by the Japanese Respiratory SocietyIntubated patientsThis study

ICU: intensive care unit.